Despite the context of Gaza, under the blockade, with restriction to go in and out, with the slowdown of the economy and 48,2% population unemployed (13,2% in west bank), political crisis, especially since the beginning of the Great March of Return started in March 2018: in this context of difficult competitiveness, the challenges toward a sustainable development are huge.
In parallel, worldwide, the population wants to have access to energy, to a reliable energy, the private sector is in need of more and more energy to run their work, computers and machines, stable and reliable energy. The population wants to have access to tap potable water; the farmers need clean water for their crops. Gaza is not exempt of these modern increasing expectations. Today, Gaza is facing challenges in terms of energy and water supply.
In addition, Gaza is particularity exposed to the impact of climate change, at the horizon of 2060, the mean temperature tends to increase towards 2,8°C, with increased drought events, while precipitation tends to decrease by 4.9 mm / year, and more severe weather events and the impact on the Mediterranean ecosystem. Shortage of water, agricultural losses, desertification, shifting of ecosystem, refugees from inundated lands and migration, all factors which increase economic crisis, which increase difficulties for governments to meet the needs of the population leading to internal instability but as well to tension between countries sharing water resources. Moreover, the high fertility rate will bring to the marketplace more and more youth, expecting health care, education and jobs.
Palestine has approved the National Policy Agenda 2017 -2022 to tackle all this issues; sustainable development is one of the pillars of the national strategy. How can we mobilize the Gaza stakeholders in order to be able to restart the sustainable development of the country as soon as possible, to avoid the collapse of the Gaza strip, to rebuild confidence among different communities?
In a context of international mobilization to tackle the impact of climate change, how can the various actors be mobilized to keep the situation as best as possible to allow the Gaza Strip to overcome the challenges in terms of adaptation to the climat change and towards sustainable development?
In order to face challenges, a dialogue between the different actors and stakeholders is needed in order to understand the needs, but as well to identify solutions to mitigate the future eminent risks.
Registration: 8:30-9:00 am
- 9:00- 9:05: AFD/ French Consulate
- 9:05-9:10: Government
Discussion Panel 1: Prospects of Water on Gaza Sustainable Development.
Moderator: Rebhy El Sheikh
09:10- 09:25: Key note speaker 1: Netherlands
09:25- 09:40: Key note speaker 2: Palestinian Water Authority
09:40- 09:55: Key note speaker 3: From Academia on Health issues
09:55-10:15: Key note speaker 4: From NGOs
10:15-10:25: Key note speaker 5: From Industry sector
10:25- 11h: Discussion
10:15-11:15: Opening pictures expo and Refreshment
Discussion Panel 2: Prospects of Demographic growth on Gaza Sustainable Development.
According to the PCBS 2017 census, in average, each women in the Gaza strip has 4,5 children (4,3 in West Bank) (in the region, less than 2 children per women in Iran and Lebanon, 3 per women in Israel and more than 5 per women in Afghanistan). Despite, the change of the trend of the fertility rate since the last 10 years (5,2 children per women in 2008), Palestine has the lowest natality rate in the Middle East and a low child mortality resulting and an increase life expectancy; resulting in the population growth : 1,5 million in 2008, 1,8 million in 2017)
The literature is rich linking demographic grow and sustainable development, demographic growth due to the number of children per women but as well to the increased life expectancy. More householders increases energy use, water consumption and waste water with the need to protect the water resources and sanitation.
The impact on environment of the population growth (3,4% per year) is important, especially in one of the higher population density in the world (5200 hab/m², the 3rd after Monaco and Singapore).
In this context, the society has additional challenges to give access to primary and secondary health care, to primary and secondary education for youth, all these services are required in order to develop the Gaza Strip and to enter into a sustainable development.
Some articles assume that education, or more specifically girls’ education, is far more likely to result in lower carbon emissions than a shift to renewables, improved agricultural practices, urban public transport, or any other strategy; what about Gaza?
11:15- 11:30: Key note speaker 1: UNFPA Netherlands
11:30- 11:45: Key note speaker 2: From Academia on Health issues
11:45- 12:00: Key note speaker 3: From NGOs
12:30- 12:50: Discussion
12:50- 13:05: Coffee break
Discussion Panel 3: Prospects of Energy on Gaza Sustainable Development.
Moderator: Eng. Fawzi Hassouna
13:05- 13:20: Key note speaker 1: Norway
13:20- 13:35: Key note speaker 2: From Government
13:35- 13:50: Key note speaker 4: From NGOs
13:50- 14:05: Key note speaker 5: From Private sector
14:05- 14:25: Discussion
14:25- 14:30: Conclusions and Closing: AFD